Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education (2023)

Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education (1)

Written by Alicia Betz, reviewed by the EducationCorner.com Team

“If you can read this, thank a teacher.” It’s a cliche, but it’s true. If it weren’t for education at all levels, you wouldn’t be able to read, write, speak, think critically, make informed decisions, know right from wrong, effectively communicate, or understand how the world works. Another famous quote that proclaims the importance of education comes from George Orwell, “If people cannot write well, they cannot think well, and if they cannot think well, others will do their thinking for them.”

It goes without saying that an educated population advances a society, but why, exactly, do different subsets of education matter? Does physical education really make a difference, and do we need to be spending precious dollars on arts education? Unequivocally, the answer is yes, but continue reading below to find out why.

Why is Early Childhood Education Important

Before we can understand the importance of early childhood education, we should be on the same page about what age early childhood education refers to. Typically, early childhood education encompasses any education a child receives up until the age of eight, or around third grade.

During these initial years of life, children’s brains are growing and learning at a rapid rate, and learning typically comes very easy to them. The purpose of education at this stage is to build a solid foundation for children to build upon for the rest of their lives.

When looking at pre-school, one of the earliest educational opportunities, a meta-analysis of studies on the benefits of early childhood education found that “7–8 of every 10 preschool children did better than the average child in a control or comparison group” when looking at standard measures of intelligence and academic achievement. This makes sense, given that education in those early years sets children up for success.

(Video) The Importance Of Education - What's The Real Purpose Of Education?

Another study followed a group of students who were given early high-quality education and compared them to a control group. Years later, the students who were given a high-quality education performed better than the other students in many areas, both academically and socially. These students:

  • Scored higher on standardized testing
  • Had higher attendance rates
  • Had fewer discipline referrals
  • Were rated higher by their teachers in terms of behaviors, social interactions, and emotional maturity.

The list of studies showing the importance of early childhood education goes on virtually forever. In addition to the educational advantages students with high-quality early education see, they also often find more pleasure in learning. When parents and teachers instill a love of learning early on, children are more likely to continue to love learning as they go through school.

The better foundation they have from an early age, the more likely students are to find success and not get frustrated. When students struggle due to poor early childhood education, the more likely they are to give up. A solid foundation is protective against falling behind, which is imperative, because once students begin to fall behind, it becomes very hard to catch back up.

In addition to the obvious benefits to each child, multiple studies have also shown that early childhood education programs provide an economic benefit to society as well.

In an article from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, the authors Arthur J. Rolnick and Rob Grunewald write, “Investment in human capital breeds economic success not only for those being educated, but also for the overall economy.” Later, they add:

“The quality of life for a child and the contributions the child makes to society as an adult can be traced back to the first few years of life. From birth until about 5 years old a child undergoes tremendous growth and change. If this period of life includes support for growth in cognition, language, motor skills, adaptive skills and social-emotional functioning, the child is more likely to succeed in school and later contribute to society.”

Early education also teaches kids how to be students. While it’s true that students shouldn’t be stuck in a desk all day and that they do some of their best learning out in the real world, the reality is that much of our formal education takes place inside a classroom. Early childhood education teaches kids how to learn and how to conduct themselves in a classroom.

Why is Bilingual Education Important

Bilingual education is a necessity for some students who speak a language at home that is different from the language spoken at their school. Although it can be a challenge, it turns out these students are at an advantage compared to their peers, and voluntary bilingual education prepares students to enter a global workforce.

According to an article from NPR, people who are bilingual are better at switching from one task to another, potentially due to their learned ability to switch from one language to the other. It seems their brains become wired to be better at these types of tasks that make up executive function, or “the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully.” (Harvard)

(Video) What's Education For?

Understanding a second language often makes it easier to understand your first language as well. In the same NPR article, the author writes about students enrolled in a bilingual education program who showed better performance in reading English than students enrolled in an English-only program. Jennifer Steele, who observed these students, said “Because the effects are found in reading, not in math or science where there were few differences, she suggests that learning two languages makes students more aware of how language works in general, aka ‘metalinguistic awareness.’”

I personally experienced this benefit when I was in school. Although I am by no means bilingual, I took a second language, French, in middle school and high school, and I often found that the words I knew in French helped me understand and decipher new words in English. I also better understood the complexities of English grammar and verb forms after learning about them in a second language.

Another obvious benefit of bilingual education is increased opportunities in the workforce. An article for the Chicago Tribune reports that there has been increasing demand for bilingual education starting at an early age, partially due to the demand for bilingual employees. Specifically, the article notes that the following industries look for people who speak more than one language: health care, education, customer service, government, finance, information technology, social services, and law enforcement.

Why is Physical Education Important

A good physical education program can set a child up for a lifetime of healthy habits. When I was in elementary school, I can remember asking what the point of gym class was. By the time I was in high school though, I realized that gym class was one of the most important classes I had ever taken.

In my senior year, I took a strength and conditioning class, and it set me up for a lifetime of treating my body well through exercise and proper nutrition. Without that class, I would have been lost the first time I stepped into a gym on my college campus.

Physical education isn’t just important for older children; even at the preschool level, it’s an essential part of the school day. Spend time around any young child, and you’ll realize that they can’t sit still for long. With so much energy and excitement for exploring the world, they need to keep their bodies moving. One study in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health found that physical education increased both total physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in preschool children.

An article for Livestrong.com also highlighted the importance of gym class because it increases the amount of physical exercise children get, it increases coordination and flexibility, it produces endorphins that elevate kids’ mood, and it provides important opportunities for kids to socialize with each other.

In addition to teaching kids lifelong skills about moving their bodies, gym class benefits the whole child; in a book titled Educating the Student Body, researchers found “a direct correlation between regular participation in physical activity and health in school-age children, suggesting that physical activity provides important benefits directly to the individual child.” Specifically, they found that physical education is associated with academic benefits, better social and emotional well-being, and that it might even be protective against heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

(Video) President Obama on the Importance of Education

Why is arts and music education important

In a world where education budgets are continually being slashed, arts and music education are tragically often the first to go. For many students, the arts are what gets them to school each day, and without these classes as a creative outlet to look forward to, school can be a major struggle. These classes are a refuge for many students, especially those who don’t excel in a traditional classroom environment.

In addition to being a safe and happy place for students to go during the day, the arts have many other benefits. A study called “SAT Scores of Students Who Study the Arts: What We Can and Cannot Conclude about the Association” for the Journal of Aesthetic Education found that students who take arts courses in high school (including music, theatre, etc.) tend to have higher SAT scores. While standardized test scores aren’t everything, this connection certainly does suggest the arts play an integral part in overall student success.

The Brookings Institution, a nonprofit public policy organization, also found connections between arts education and student success. They conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of arts education on students, and found students with more education in the arts had better academic, social, and emotional outcomes than the students with less access to the arts.

In addition to measurable changes like a decrease in disciplinary infractions and an increase in writing scores, they also found that “students who received more arts education experiences are more interested in how other people feel and more likely to want to help people who are treated badly.” In elementary students specifically, they found “increases in arts learning positively and significantly affect students’ school engagement, college aspirations, and their inclinations to draw upon works of art as a means for empathizing with others.”

Why is STEM education important

If you’ve heard anything about education in the last ten years or so, you’ve undoubtedly heard about the push for STEM education, which stands for science, technology, engineering, and math. Schools everywhere seem to be offering more STEM courses, and for good reason.

In a study of pre-service and novice elementary school teachers, 100% agreed that STEM education is important, citing reasons such as:

  • Providing a foundation for later academics
  • Making connections to everyday life
  • Preparing students for jobs
  • Promoting higher order thinking

The U.S. Department of Education also offers compelling reasons why STEM education is important:

“In an ever-changing, increasingly complex world, it's more important than ever that our nation's youth are prepared to bring knowledge and skills to solve problems, make sense of information, and know how to gather and evaluate evidence to make decisions. These are the kinds of skills that students develop in science, technology, engineering and math—disciplines collectively known as STEM. If we want a nation where our future leaders, neighbors, and workers have the ability to understand and solve some of the complex challenges of today and tomorrow, and to meet the demands of the dynamic and evolving workforce, building students' skills, content knowledge, and fluency in STEM fields is essential.”

If that weren’t enough to convince you, the Smithsonian Science Education Center echoes a similar sentiment,

(Video) Why is education important?

We must all recognize that we live in an era of constant scientific discovery and technological change, which directly affects our lives and requires our input as citizens. And we must recognize that as our economy increasingly depends on these revolutionary new advances, many new jobs will be created in STEM fields. If we are to stay competitive as a nation, then we need to build a scientifically literate citizenry and a bank of highly skilled, STEM-literate employees.

Education students in STEM subjects gives them the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in our digital world that changes by the day. Students learn skills they’ll use to take on jobs that don’t even exist yet.

Why is College Education Important

The importance of college education is sometimes called into question for many reasons. According to CNBC, more than one in five college graduates work in jobs that don’t require a degree. Statistics like this make people wonder if it’s worth spending years of their lives going into debt only to land a job they could have gotten without a degree.

While there are of course cases where people don’t use their college degree, the research still suggests that overall, earning a college degree is beneficial. A paper titled “Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs?” revealed that the benefits do, in fact, outweigh the costs. The authors of the academic paper found the following:

“An analysis of the economic returns to college since the 1970s demonstrates that the benefits of both a bachelor’s degree and an associate’s degree still tend to outweigh the costs, with both degrees earning a return of about 15 percent over the past decade. The return has remained high in spite of rising tuition and falling earnings because the wages of those without a college degree have also been falling, keeping the college wage premium near an all-time high while reducing the opportunity cost of going to school.”

There is also no denying that a large majority of very important jobs require higher education. Everybody would agree they wouldn’t want their surgeon or their child’s teacher to walk onto the job straight out of high school.

The college experience shouldn’t be downplayed, either. Whether it’s to have that buffer zone between being a kid and an adult or to have time to study abroad and have shared experiences before entering the “real world,” many people who have gone to college say the college experience is one of the many things that makes college worthwhile.

A report titled “It’s Not Just the Money: The Benefits of College Education to Individuals and to Society” from the University of Maine echoes this sentiment, noting that the monetary benefit of college is often the most cited because it’s objective and easy to measure. Subjective benefits like the college experience are hard to study because they can mean different things to different people. The report cites a multitude of benefits college graduates see, including higher likelihood of having health insurance, higher likelihood of having a retirement plan, higher likelihood of good health, lower likelihood of being in prison or jail, higher voting turnout, higher self-reportings of happiness, and higher community involvement. Many of these statistics are the result of correlations, meaning there is a connection between college and the benefits, but that doesn’t mean that attending college causes these benefits. Nonetheless, there is no denying that college can and does have a positive impact on many people.


Suffice it to say that education matters. Studies have shown that those who are more educated are more likely to live longer, live healthier lives, and are even more likely to help strangers. Investing in various types of education from the time children are young ensures that they have a strong foundation and that the whole person is being educated. The more diverse and well-rounded we can make education for children, the better educated they’ll be.

(Video) The Purpose of Education


Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education? ›

Education is important to people's personal growth. Education can help people better understand themselves. They can learn about themselves through books, courses, or even professional advice. Education informs people about the world, what's going on, and who's around.

What are the 4 purposes of education? ›

As you think about the four basic purposes of school: academic (intellectual), political and civic purposes, socialization, and economic purposes, what do you think? Which one (or more) do you find as primary purposes of schooling in your own personal philosophy?

What is the true purpose of education essay? ›

The purpose of education is to be a well-rounded individual and to discover one's passion in life. A cultivated individual who contributes to society must have certain skills and attributes; some important skills are creativity, critical thinking, compassion, and tolerance.

What is considered educational purposes? ›

Educational purpose: Using a work for educational purposes weighs in favor of fair use. For example, using a diagram of a biological process to teach about that process is an educational use. Similarly, using a cartoon as an example of an artistic technique you are teaching is an educational use.

What are educational purposes examples? ›

Educational Purposes means education, teaching, tuition, training, instruction, learning, private study and/or research, including distance learning and teaching.

What are the five purposes of education? ›

Other statements of educational purpose have also been widely accepted: to develop the intel- lect, to serve social needs, to contribute to the economy, to create an effective work force, to prepare students for a job or career, to promote a particular social or political system.

What is the real meaning of education? ›

noun. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life.

What is the true value of education? ›

That we remember, as Einstein said, that the true value of education “is not the learning of many facts but the training of the mind to think.”

What needs to be included under education? ›

What to Include in Your Resume Education Section
  • Your most recent degree (or education in progress)
  • The name of your school.
  • Location of your school.
  • Dates attended and graduation date (or expected graduation date)
  • Your field of study and degree major.
  • Your GPA (only if it's above 3.5)
Feb 11, 2023

What is an educational requirement? ›

In terms of minimum education, ORS captures the minimum education required by the job, and not the educational attainment of the worker. For example, a job may require a bachelor's degree, but a worker performing the job may have a doctoral degree.

What is a fair use disclaimer for educational purposes? ›

Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing.

Which is an example of education? ›

This includes teaching, studying, training, discussion, storytelling, research and design.

What is an example of a statement of purpose in special education? ›

I intend to help my students evolve as human beings, both morally and ethically, and for them to improve within their community. As a student, my educational objectives are to increase my knowledge of my subject matter, gain more professional experience, and to become a more qualified educator.

What does it mean to be educated? ›

An educated person aspires to build his mind and give others opportunities and vision to grow from his experiences. Education is not a degree; instead, it is an opportunity to become a great human and become better than yesterday.

What is the purpose of education in the 21st century? ›

A 21st century education is one that responds to the economical, technological, and societal shifts that are happening at an ever-increasing pace. It's an education that sets children up to succeed in a world where more than half of the jobs they'll have over their careers don't even exist yet.

What is the greatest value of education? ›

The highest value of education
  • Knowledge and practical skills.
  • Critical and social skills.
  • A hierarchy of needs.
  • Order and wonder.
  • A lifelong delight in God.

What is the most important value of education? ›

Conclusion. The value of Education is the most important ingredient to change the world. It helps us to gain knowledge and that knowledge can be used to make a better living.

What is the value of learning? ›

When people learn, they gain confidence for trying new things and stretching themselves. Continual learning contributes to higher levels of resilience and self-efficacy in completing a task or tackling a challenge.

What are the 4 pillars of Education? ›

The four pillars of Education for the 21st century that Jacques Delors (2001) refers to UNESCO, in the form of a report, comprises: Learning to Know, Learning to do, Learning to Live and Learning to Be.

What is the rule of 4 Education? ›

Learning = Time + Importance + Repetition

The 4 times rule, gives you an effective way to improve your efficiency, but also indicates the bare minimum amount of effort required to learn a given piece of information.

What is the 4 fold plan of Education? ›

Dr. Buckley developed the Four-Fold Plan of Education with equal emphasis on Academics, the Arts, Athletics, and Moral Education. These four pillars remain the foundation of our school and are continually updated to reflect current research in teaching, brain science, diversity, and a globalized world.

What is the 4 step Education process? ›

The 4-step learning process
  • Planning.
  • Learning event.
  • Reflection.
  • Action.

What are the three most important things necessary for a quality education? ›

The Only 3 Things You Need To Provide Quality Education
  • study the material at home at a pace that suits your learning needs.
  • regroup in the classroom for discussions and hands-on workshops. Teachers mentors students.
  • further your knowledge back at home with all the insights from their class/group discussions.
Sep 4, 2019

What is the meaning of learning to do? ›

Learning to Do It describes putting knowledge and learning into practice innovatively through (1)Skill development and (2)Practical know-how, (3)Development of (4)Life skills, competence, (5)Personal qualities, (6)Aptitudes and (7)Attitudes.

What is meant by learning to know? ›

Learning to know means creating the education conditions specific to the knowledge society for every inhabitant of the planet. Sample 1.

What is the 5 to 1 rule in education? ›

Research supports the idea that having five positive interactions to every one negative interaction best supports and sustains constructive student-teacher relationships. This is known as the 5-to-1 ratio.

What is the 50% rule in education? ›

It's often called the 50 percent rule: giving students half-credit no matter what, even if they don't show up to class. It's designed to motivate struggling students. But some educators believe it's rewarding bad behavior.

What is the rule of three in education? ›

“The Rule of Three for learning basically establishes the requirement that students be given the opportunity to learn something at least three times before they are expected to know it and apply it.

What is the four curriculum? ›

The four dimensions of curriculum theory are aims or objectives, content or subject matter, methods or procedures, and evaluation or assessment.

What is the 5 3 4 education system? ›

Explanation of 5+3+3+4 structure

Children will spend five years in the Foundational stage, 3 years in the Preparatory stage, 3 years in the Middle stage, and 4 years in the Secondary stage, according to the new school education system outlined in NEP 2020.

What is an education plan? ›

Educational planning is a process in which each college student is involved in self-assessment, exploring, and integrating academic and career alternatives, and making decisions that are personally relevant for the present and the future.

What is the basic process of education? ›

Teaching: is the process of attending to people's needs, experiences and feelings, and intervening so that they learn particular things, and go beyond the given. Teaching is one of the instruments of education and a special function is to impart understanding and skill.

What is the gradual release of responsibility? ›

The Gradual Release of Responsibility Model is a teaching strategy characterized by a sequence of learning activities that shift the responsibility from the teacher to the student. The goal of this approach is autonomy and efficacy on the part of the student–ideally, the ability to transfer understanding on their own.

What are the 5 stages of system approach in education? ›

Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation: These steps or sub-systems have inputs as feedbacks from evaluation for modification or review. In this presentation, let us discuss a systems approach to Instruction based on the above framework.


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